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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1056; doi:10.3390/ijerph13111056

Noise Annoyance in Urban Children: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Study

1
Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Besançon, Centre de Méthodologie Clinique, 2 place Saint Jacques, 25030 Besançon Cedex, France
2
Laboratoire Chrono-Environnement, UMR 6249 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2 place Saint Jacques, 25030 Besançon Cedex, France
3
Laboratoire ThéMA, UMR 6049 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UFR Lettres SHS, 32 rue Mégevand, 25030 Besançon Cedex, France
4
Laboratoire de Psychologie EA 3188, 3 rue Mégevand, 25032 Besançon Cedex, France
5
Division Acoustique Environnementale et Urbaine, Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment (CSTB), 24, rue Joseph Fourier, 38400 Saint-Martin-d’Hères, France
6
CHRU Dijon, Service de Biostatistique et d’Informatique Médicale (DIM), Université de Bourgogne, F-21000 Dijon, France
7
INSERM, CIC 1432, Dijon University Hospital, Clinical Investigation Center, Clinical Epidemiology/Clinical Trials Unit, F-21000 Dijon, France
8
INSERM UMR 1181, Biostatistics, Biomathematics, Pharmacoepidemiology and Infectious Diseases (B2PHI), Université de Bourgogne, F-21000 Dijon, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jason Corburn
Received: 9 July 2016 / Revised: 29 September 2016 / Accepted: 19 October 2016 / Published: 28 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Place and Health Equity)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [303 KB, uploaded 28 October 2016]

Abstract

Acoustical and non-acoustical factors influencing noise annoyance in adults have been well-documented in recent years; however, similar knowledge is lacking in children. The aim of this study was to quantify the annoyance caused by chronic ambient noise at home in children and to assess the relationship between these children′s noise annoyance level and individual and contextual factors in the surrounding urban area. A cross sectional population-based study was conducted including 517 children attending primary school in a European city. Noise annoyance was measured using a self-report questionnaire adapted for children. Six noise exposure level indicators were built at different locations at increasing distances from the child′s bedroom window using a validated strategic noise map. Multilevel logistic models were constructed to investigate factors associated with noise annoyance in children. Noise indicators in front of the child′s bedroom (p ≤ 0.01), family residential satisfaction (p ≤ 0.03) and socioeconomic characteristics of the individuals and their neighbourhood (p ≤ 0.05) remained associated with child annoyance. These findings illustrate the complex relationships between our environment, how we may perceive it, social factors and health. Better understanding of these relationships will undoubtedly allow us to more effectively quantify the actual effect of noise on human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; noise annoyance; chronic noise exposure; urban area; social inequality children; noise annoyance; chronic noise exposure; urban area; social inequality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Grelat, N.; Houot, H.; Pujol, S.; Levain, J.-P.; Defrance, J.; Mariet, A.-S.; Mauny, F. Noise Annoyance in Urban Children: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1056.

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