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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 82; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010082

Prevalence and Correlates of Prehypertension and Hypertension among Adults in Northeastern China: A Cross-Sectional Study

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 2 November 2015 / Revised: 11 December 2015 / Accepted: 22 December 2015 / Published: 25 December 2015
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Abstract

Background: Prehypertension is a category between normotension and hypertension that is becoming increasingly common in China. However, limited data are available on the prevalence and correlates of prehypertension in northeastern China. Methods: A cross-sectional study using stratified, clustered multistage, and random sampling methods was performed on 17,584 participants. Results: The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was 36.0% and 30.8% in northeastern China, respectively. As age increased, the prevalence of prehypertension in males declined (p-trend < 0.001), in parallel to an increase in the prevalence of hypertension (p-trend < 0.001). The prevalence of hypertension for females increased as age increased (p-trend < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that age, gender, location, drinking, Body Mass Index (BMI), abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, and hypercholesterolemia correlated with prehypertension and hypertension (p-trend < 0.05). Conclusions: This study revealed a high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in an adult population of northeastern China and some correlates of prehypertension and hypertension. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypertension; prevalence; correlate hypertension; prevalence; correlate
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, G.; Ma, Y.; Wang, S.; Su, Y.; Rao, W.; Fu, Y.; Yu, Y.; Kou, C. Prevalence and Correlates of Prehypertension and Hypertension among Adults in Northeastern China: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 82.

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