Indicated Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in South Africa: Effectiveness of Case Management
AbstractIn the Western Cape Province of South Africa (ZA) a subculture of binge drinking produces the highest global documented prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). FASD prevention research activities in ZA use the Comprehensive Prevention approach from the United States Institute of Medicine. Case management (CM) was delivered as a method of indicated prevention to empower heavy drinking pregnant women to achieve cessation or a reduction in drinking. CM activities incorporated life management, Motivational Interviewing (MI) techniques and the Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA). Data were collected at baseline, 6, 12 and 18 months. Mean drinking decreases 6 months into CM; but overall alcohol consumption rose significantly over time to levels higher than baseline at 12 and 18 months. Alcohol consumption drops significantly from before pregnancy to the second and third trimesters. AUDIT scores indicate that problematic drinking decreases significantly even after the vulnerable fetus/baby was born. CM significantly increases client happiness, which correlates with reduced weekend drinking. CM was successful for women with high-risk drinking behaviour, and was effective in helping women stop drinking, or drink less, while pregnant, reducing the risk of FASD. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
de Vries, M.M.; Joubert, B.; Cloete, M.; Roux, S.; Baca, B.A.; Hasken, J.M.; Barnard, R.; Buckley, D.; Kalberg, W.O.; Snell, C.L.; Marais, A.-S.; Seedat, S.; Parry, C.D.H.; May, P.A. Indicated Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in South Africa: Effectiveness of Case Management. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 76.
de Vries MM, Joubert B, Cloete M, Roux S, Baca BA, Hasken JM, Barnard R, Buckley D, Kalberg WO, Snell CL, Marais A-S, Seedat S, Parry CDH, May PA. Indicated Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in South Africa: Effectiveness of Case Management. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(1):76.Chicago/Turabian Style
de Vries, Marlene M.; Joubert, Belinda; Cloete, Marise; Roux, Sumien; Baca, Beth A.; Hasken, Julie M.; Barnard, Ronel; Buckley, David; Kalberg, Wendy O.; Snell, Cudore L.; Marais, Anna-Susan; Seedat, Soraya; Parry, Charles D.H.; May, Philip A. 2016. "Indicated Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in South Africa: Effectiveness of Case Management." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 1: 76.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.