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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 116; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010116

Regional Differences in Correlates of Daily Walking among Middle Age and Older Australian Rural Adults: Implications for Health Promotion

1
Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, CEA-14, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide 5001, SA, Australia
2
Spatial Epidemiology and Evaluation Research Group, Centre for Population Health Research, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, IPC CWE-48, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide 5001, SA, Australia
3
School of Health Sciences, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide 5001, SA, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 14 October 2015 / Revised: 1 January 2016 / Accepted: 4 January 2016 / Published: 8 January 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [278 KB, uploaded 8 January 2016]

Abstract

Rural Australians are less physically active than their metropolitan counterparts, and yet very little is known of the candidate intervention targets for promoting physical activity in rural populations. As rural regions are economically, socially and environmentally diverse, drivers of regular physical activity are likely to vary between regions. This study explored the region-specific correlates of daily walking among middle age and older adults in rural regions with contrasting dominant primary industries. Participants were recruited through print and electronic media, primary care settings and community organisations. Pedometers were worn by 153 adults for at least four days, including a weekend day. A questionnaire identified potential intra-personal, social and environmental correlates of physical activity, according to a social ecological framework. Regression modelling identified independent correlates of daily walking separately in the two study regions. In one region, there were independent correlates of walking from all levels of the social ecological framework. In the other region, significant correlates of daily walking were almost all demographic (age, education and marital status). Participants living alone were less likely to be physically active regardless of region. This study highlights the importance of considering region-specific factors when designing strategies for promoting regular walking among rural adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; walking behavior; correlates; rural communities physical activity; walking behavior; correlates; rural communities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dollman, J.; Hull, M.; Lewis, N.; Carroll, S.; Zarnowiecki, D. Regional Differences in Correlates of Daily Walking among Middle Age and Older Australian Rural Adults: Implications for Health Promotion. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 116.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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