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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 11594-11607; doi:10.3390/ijerph120911594

The Impact of a Mindfulness Based Program on Perceived Stress, Anxiety, Depression and Sleep of Incarcerated Women

1
College of Nursing, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
2
School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
3
University of Rhode Island, College of Nursing, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
4
Prison Mindfulness Institute, Providence, RI 02881, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 21 July 2015 / Revised: 7 September 2015 / Accepted: 8 September 2015 / Published: 16 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Correctional Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [677 KB, uploaded 16 September 2015]

Abstract

Incarcerated women enter the prison setting with remarkable histories of trauma, mental health and substance abuse issues. Given the stress of incarceration and separation from their children, families, and significant others, it is not surprising that many women experience increased anxiety, depression, and problems with sleep. Due to these negative outcomes, it is imperative to find efficient non-pharmacological interventions. This pilot study examined the impact of a 12-week mindfulness based program on the stress, anxiety, depression and sleep of women with a total of 33 completing the study. In one group, women’s perceived stress, anxiety and depression were all significantly lower following the intervention compared to prior to the intervention. Challenges with implementing the pilot study are addressed. Despite challenges and limitations, the low-cost non-pharmacological intervention has potential for a reducing the symptoms of anxiety and depression. View Full-Text
Keywords: mindfulness; incarcerated women; perceived stress; anxiety; depression; sleep mindfulness; incarcerated women; perceived stress; anxiety; depression; sleep
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferszt, G.G.; Miller, R.J.; Hickey, J.E.; Maull, F.; Crisp, K. The Impact of a Mindfulness Based Program on Perceived Stress, Anxiety, Depression and Sleep of Incarcerated Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 11594-11607.

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