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Retraction published on 4 November 2015, see Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(11), 14114.

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 11608-11620; doi:10.3390/ijerph120911608

An Epidemiological Study of Risk Factors of Thyroid Nodule and Goiter in Chinese Women

1,2,†
,
1,†
,
3,4
,
3
and
1,*
1
Department of Endocrinology, Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA)General Hospital, 28 Fu Xing Road, Beijing 100853, China
2
Department of Endocrinology, First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, 51 Fucheng Road, Beijing 100048,China
3
Department of Interventional Ultrasound, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, 28 Fu Xing Road, Beijing 100853, China
4
Department of Ultrasound, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, The 9th Clinical Medical College of Peking University,10 Tieyi Road, Yangfangdian, Haidian District, Beijing 100038, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 16 June 2015 / Revised: 25 August 2015 / Accepted: 31 August 2015 / Published: 16 September 2015
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Abstract

Thyroid nodule (TN) and goiter are two common disorders of the thyroid. Despite their benign nature, both conditions can be associated with multiple pathologic conditions including thyroid cancer. In this study, we conducted a large-scale epidemiological study in Chinese women to identify the risk factors implicated in the occurrence of TN and goiter. We analyzed demographic data, lifestyle, medical history, body height, weight, waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, serum glucose and lipids. In addition, thyroid ultrasonography was performed for all subjects. Our results showed that age, menopause, waist circumference, BMI, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and hyperglycemia were associated with both TN and goiter. Furthermore, we found that the prevalence of TN was significantly affected by the medical management of hypertension. Our study suggests that postmenopausal Chinese women with advanced age, obesity, diabetes, and hypertension have an increased awareness of thyroid examination in the annual physical check. Conversely, patients with TN and goiter of the same population may have a higher incidence of age- and obesity-related metabolic disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: epidemiology; prevalence; risk factor; metabolic syndrome epidemiology; prevalence; risk factor; metabolic syndrome
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zheng, L.; Yan, W.; Kong, Y.; Liang, P.; Mu, Y. An Epidemiological Study of Risk Factors of Thyroid Nodule and Goiter in Chinese Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 11608-11620.

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