Next Article in Journal
Identification of Response Options to Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining (ASGM) in Ghana via the Delphi Process
Next Article in Special Issue
Healthy Aging Promotion through Neuroscientific Information-Based Strategies
Previous Article in Journal
Factors Influencing Self-Management in Chinese Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Difference between Right and Wrong: Accuracy of Older and Younger Adults’ Story Recall
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 11328-11344; doi:10.3390/ijerph120911328

Health and Quality of Life Perception in Older Adults: The Joint Role of Cognitive Efficiency and Functional Mobility

1
Institute for Sport and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland
2
Human and Health Sciences, Department of Movement, University of Rome "Foro Italico", Roma 00135, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lori E. James and Meredith Shafto
Received: 30 June 2015 / Revised: 25 August 2015 / Accepted: 2 September 2015 / Published: 10 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aging and Cognition)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [721 KB, uploaded 10 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Cognitive and mobility functions are involved in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The present cross-sectional study aimed at investigating what facets of efficient cognition and functional mobility interactively contribute to mental and physical HRQoL. Fifty-six healthy older individuals (aged 65–75 years) were evaluated for mental and physical HRQoL, core cognitive executive functions (inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility), and functional mobility (walking) under single and dual task conditions. Multiple regression analyses were run to verify which core executive functions predicted mental and physical HRQoL and whether the ability to perform complex (dual) walking tasks moderated such association. Inhibitory efficiency and the ability to perform physical-mental dual tasks interactively predicted mental HRQoL, whereas cognitive flexibility and the ability to perform physical dual tasks interactively predicted physical HRQoL. Different core executive functions seem relevant for mental and physical HRQoL. Executive function efficiency seems to translate into HRQoL perception when coupled with tangible experience of the ability to walk under dual task conditions that mirror everyday life demands. Implications of these results for supporting the perception of mental and physical quality of life at advanced age are discussed, suggesting the usefulness of multicomponent interventions and environments conducive to walking that jointly aid successful cognitive aging and functional mobility. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; cognition; executive function; walking; dual tasking aging; cognition; executive function; walking; dual tasking
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Forte, R.; Boreham, C.A.; De Vito, G.; Pesce, C. Health and Quality of Life Perception in Older Adults: The Joint Role of Cognitive Efficiency and Functional Mobility. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 11328-11344.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top