The Difference between Right and Wrong: Accuracy of Older and Younger Adults’ Story Recall
AbstractSharing stories is an important social activity in everyday life. This study used fine-grained content analysis to investigate the accuracy of recall of two central story elements: the gist and detail of socially-relevant stories. Younger (M age = 28.06) and older (M age = 75.03) American men and women (N = 63) recalled fictional stories that were coded for (i) accuracy of overall gist and specific gist categories and (ii) accuracy of overall detail and specific detail categories. Findings showed no age group differences in accuracy of overall gist or detail, but differences emerged for specific categories. Older adults more accurately recalled the gist of when the event occurred whereas younger adults more accurately recalled the gist of why the event occurred. These differences were related to episodic memory ability and education. For accuracy in recalling details, there were some age differences, but gender differences were more robust. Overall, women remembered details of these social stories more accurately than men, particularly time and perceptual details. Women were also more likely to accurately remember the gist of when the event occurred. The discussion focuses on how accurate recall of socially-relevant stories is not clearly age-dependent but is related to person characteristics such as gender and episodic memory ability/education. View Full-Text
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Davis, D.K.; Alea, N.; Bluck, S. The Difference between Right and Wrong: Accuracy of Older and Younger Adults’ Story Recall. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 10861-10885.
Davis DK, Alea N, Bluck S. The Difference between Right and Wrong: Accuracy of Older and Younger Adults’ Story Recall. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(9):10861-10885.Chicago/Turabian Style
Davis, Danielle K.; Alea, Nicole; Bluck, Susan. 2015. "The Difference between Right and Wrong: Accuracy of Older and Younger Adults’ Story Recall." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12, no. 9: 10861-10885.