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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 11012-11024; doi:10.3390/ijerph120911012

Indicators for Environment Health Risk Assessment in the Jiangsu Province of China

1
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
2
Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100029, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 3 July 2015 / Revised: 7 August 2015 / Accepted: 25 August 2015 / Published: 7 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1399 KB, uploaded 7 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

According to the framework of “Pressure-State-Response”, this study established an indicator system which can reflect comprehensive risk of environment and health for an area at large scale. This indicator system includes 17 specific indicators covering social and economic development, pollution emission intensity, air pollution exposure, population vulnerability, living standards, medical and public health, culture and education. A corresponding weight was given to each indicator through Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Comprehensive risk assessment of the environment and health of 58 counties was conducted in the Jiangsu province, China, and the assessment result was divided into four types according to risk level. Higher-risk counties are all located in the economically developed southern region of Jiangsu province and relatively high-risk counties are located along the Yangtze River and Xuzhou County and its surrounding areas. The spatial distribution of relatively low-risk counties is dispersive, and lower-risk counties mainly located in the middle region where the economy is somewhat weaker in the province. The assessment results provide reasonable and scientific basis for Jiangsu province Government in formulating environment and health policy. Moreover, it also provides a method reference for the comprehensive risk assessment of environment and health within a large area (provinces, regions and countries). View Full-Text
Keywords: comprehensive risk of environment and health; pressure-state-response; analytical hierarchy process comprehensive risk of environment and health; pressure-state-response; analytical hierarchy process
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, S.; Wei, Z.; Liu, W.; Yao, L.; Suo, W.; Xing, J.; Huang, B.; Jin, D.; Wang, J. Indicators for Environment Health Risk Assessment in the Jiangsu Province of China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 11012-11024.

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