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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 10995-11011; doi:10.3390/ijerph120910995

Capturing the Interrelationship between Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Children in the Context of Diverse Environmental Exposures

1
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon S7N 5E5, Saskatchewan, Canada
2
Johnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Regina, Regina S4S 7H1, Saskatchewan, Canada
3
Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit (SPHERU), University of Saskatchewan and University of Regina, Saskatoon S7N 5E5, Saskatchewan, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Harry Timmermans, Astrid Kemperman and Pauline van den Berg
Received: 7 July 2015 / Revised: 26 August 2015 / Accepted: 27 August 2015 / Published: 7 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Impacts of the Built Environment on Public Health)
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Abstract

Even though physical activity and sedentary behaviour are two distinct behaviours, their interdependent relationship needs to be studied in the same environment. This study examines the influence of urban design, neighbourhood built and social environment, and household and individual factors on the interdependent relationship between objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children in the Canadian city of Saskatoon. Saskatoon’s built environment was assessed by two validated observation tools. Neighbourhood socioeconomic variables were derived from 2006 Statistics Canada Census and 2010 G5 Census projections. A questionnaire was administered to 10–14 year old children to collect individual and household data, followed by accelerometry to collect physical activity and sedentary behaviour data. Multilevel logistic regression models were developed to understand the interrelationship between physical activity and sedentary behaviour in the context of diverse environmental exposures. A complex set of factors including denser built environment, positive peer relationships and consistent parental support influenced the interrelationship between physical activity and sedentary behaviour. In developing interventions to facilitate active living, it is not only imperative to delineate pathways through which diverse environmental exposures influence physical activity and sedentary behaviour, but also to account for the interrelationship between physical activity and sedentary behaviour. View Full-Text
Keywords: active living research; ecological perspective; urban design; built environment; home environment; social environment; children; moderate to vigorous physical activity; light physical activity; sedentary behaviour active living research; ecological perspective; urban design; built environment; home environment; social environment; children; moderate to vigorous physical activity; light physical activity; sedentary behaviour
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Katapally, T.R.; Muhajarine, N. Capturing the Interrelationship between Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Children in the Context of Diverse Environmental Exposures. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 10995-11011.

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