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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 10362-10373; doi:10.3390/ijerph120910362

Associations between Active Commuting to School and Health-Related Physical Fitness in Spanish School-Aged Children: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Physical Culture, School of Health Sciences, National University of Chimborazo, Avda. Antonio José de Sucre, Km. 1 1/2 vía a Guano, 060150 Riobamba, Ecuador
2
Profith “PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity” Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sport, School of Sport Science, University of Granada, Spain Ctra. Alfacar, s/n, 18011 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 13 June 2015 / Revised: 3 August 2015 / Accepted: 18 August 2015 / Published: 26 August 2015
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Abstract

Active commuting (walking or cycling) to school has been positively associated with improved fitness among adolescents. However, current evidence lacks information on whether this association persists in children. The aim of this study was to examine the association of active commuting to school with different fitness parameters in Spanish school-aged children. A total of 494 children (229 girls) from five primary schools in Granada and Jaén (Spain), aged between eight and 11 years, participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants completed the Assessing Levels of Physical Activity (ALPHA) fitness test battery and answered a self-reported questionnaire regarding the weekly travel mode to school. Active commuting to school was significantly associated with higher levels of speed-agility in boys (p = 0.048) and muscle strength of the lower body muscular fitness in girls (p = 0.016). However, there were no significant associations between active commuting to school and cardiorespiratory fitness and upper body muscular fitness. Our findings suggest that active commuting to school was associated with higher levels of both speed-agility and lower body muscular fitness in boys and girls, respectively. Future studies should confirm whether increasing active commuting to school increases speed-agility and muscle strength of the lower body. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; active transportation; public health; strength physical activity; active transportation; public health; strength
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Villa-González, E.; Ruiz, J.R.; Chillón, P. Associations between Active Commuting to School and Health-Related Physical Fitness in Spanish School-Aged Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 10362-10373.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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