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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(8), 9864-9875; doi:10.3390/ijerph120809864

Epidemiological Characteristics of Work-Related Ocular Trauma in Southwest Region of China

1
Department of Ophthalmology, The Ninth People's Hospital of Chongqing, 69 Jia Ling Road, Chongqing 400700, China
2
Department of Urology, The Ninth People's Hospital of Chongqing, 69 Jia Ling Road, Chongqing 400700, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Watterson
Received: 27 May 2015 / Revised: 31 July 2015 / Accepted: 11 August 2015 / Published: 19 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Safety and Related Impacts on Health and the Environment)
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Abstract

Purpose: To determine the epidemiological characteristics of work-related eye injury in representative southwest region of China. Methods: Patients with eye injuries treated at the Ninth People’s Hospital of Chongqing from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014 were included in the current study. All patients completed a comprehensive examination and interview. Demographic characteristics and injury details were recorded. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) and Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology (BETT) were used. Results: The average age of eye injury patients was 37.52 years and the majority were male. Among the 1055 total patients, approximately 42.9% of the injuries were work-related. The highest proportion of occupational eye trauma was observed in the group between 36 and 45 years of age. Occupational ocular trauma occurred more frequently in summer, with most from 16:00 to 18:00. Metal was the most common injury cause. Foreign body on external eye was the most common diagnosis. Workers in the manufacturing industry without pre-work safety training or eye protection were far more likely to suffer from occupational ocular trauma than those with training and protection. Conclusions: This study provides insight into the epidemiological characteristics of occupational ocular trauma in southwest region of China. The current findings might be considered as a baseline for future research on regional work-related eye injuries. Our findings will provide valuable information for further development of preventive strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational health; eye injuries; work-related; ocular trauma; epidemiology occupational health; eye injuries; work-related; ocular trauma; epidemiology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cai, M.; Zhang, J. Epidemiological Characteristics of Work-Related Ocular Trauma in Southwest Region of China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 9864-9875.

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