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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(8), 9154-9168; doi:10.3390/ijerph120809154

Association between the Hygiene Index Values of Live Fresh Aquatic Products and Food-Borne Diarrhea in the Population of the Ningbo Area in China

1
Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathological and Physiological Technology, Medical School, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
2
Jiangdong Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Ningbo 315040, China
3
Key Laboratory of Trace Elements and Endemic Diseases of Ministry of Health, Health Science Center, School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mieke Uyttendaele, Eelco Franz and Oliver Schlüter
Received: 16 May 2015 / Accepted: 29 July 2015 / Published: 6 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Safety)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [705 KB, uploaded 6 August 2015]

Abstract

To investigate the association of the hygiene index values of live fresh aquatic products and food-borne diarrhea in the population of the Ningbo area in China. Volatile basic nitrogen (VBN), histamine (HIS), indole, tetrodotoxin (TTX), and paralytic, neurotoxic, amnesic and diarrhetic shellfish poisons (PSP, NSP, ASP, and DSP, respectively) in the samples of live fresh aquatic products and food-borne diarrhea cases in six studied districts were analyzed. Results indicate that the incidence rate of food-borne diarrhea is related to the hygiene index values. Aside from VBN, the main risk factors related to food-borne diarrhea in edible aquatic products include DSP (in marine fish, shrimp, and other shellfishes), NSP, and ASP (in marine shrimp and crab). Hygiene index values among different species were significantly different. No significant difference in the monitoring index values was found among the six different studied districts. The reported cases of food-borne diarrhea were positively associated with VBN and DSP in aquatic products in Haishu, Jiangbei, Zhenhai, and Beilun, as well as VBN and NSP in aquatic products in Jiangdong and Yinzhou. In conclusion, VBN, DSP, NSP, and ASP are important risk factors for the occurring of food-borne diarrhea in the population of the Ningbo area in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: live fresh aquatic products; hygiene index; food-borne diarrhea; association live fresh aquatic products; hygiene index; food-borne diarrhea; association
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, L.; Lu, L.; Shu, L.; Chen, J.; Zou, B.; Zhou, Q.; Gu, Y.; Zhao, J.; Lin, X. Association between the Hygiene Index Values of Live Fresh Aquatic Products and Food-Borne Diarrhea in the Population of the Ningbo Area in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 9154-9168.

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