Next Article in Journal
Doctor-Shopping Behavior among Patients with Eye Floaters
Previous Article in Journal
Injury Profiles Associated with Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Tarkwa, Ghana
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(7), 7938-7948; doi:10.3390/ijerph120707938

Measuring the Environmental Burden of Disease in South Korea: A Population-Based Study

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul 136-705, Korea
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, KonKuk University, Seoul 143-729, Korea
3
Korea Adaptation Center for Climate Change, Korea Environment Institute, Sejong 339-007, Korea
4
Department of Economics, Economic Research Institute, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 13 April 2015 / Revised: 29 June 2015 / Accepted: 2 July 2015 / Published: 13 July 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [747 KB, uploaded 13 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

Background: This study attempted to measure the environmental burden of disease by examining mortality and disability rates in South Korea, permitting international comparisons. Methods: Disability-adjusted life years (DALY) was used to analyze data from public records. Years of life lost (YLL) and years lost to disability (YLD) were measured in terms of incidence rate and number of deaths. Attributable risks were based on those for WHO Western Pacific Regions. For air pollution, attributable risk was calculated using local PM10 levels and relative risk. Results: The total Korean environmental burden of disease was 17.98 per 1000 persons and the most serious risk factor was air pollution, at 6.89per1000 persons. Occupation was the second highest contributing factor, at 3.29 per 1000 persons, followed by indoor air pollution at 2.91 per 1000 persons. The DALY of air-pollution (indoor and outdoor) was 9.80 per 1000 persons, accounting for more than half of the total environmental burden of disease. The burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and asthma were 4.07, 3.16, and 1.96 per 1000 persons, respectively. Conclusions: Respiratory illnesses comprised most of the disease burden, the majority of which was linked to air pollution. The present results are important as they could be used to make evidence-based decisions regarding the management of diseases and environmental-risk factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental disease; environmental burden of disease; environmental risk factors; DALY environmental disease; environmental burden of disease; environmental risk factors; DALY
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yoon, S.-J.; Kim, H.-S.; Ha, J.; Kim, E.-J. Measuring the Environmental Burden of Disease in South Korea: A Population-Based Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 7938-7948.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top