Next Article in Journal
Measuring the Environmental Burden of Disease in South Korea: A Population-Based Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Integrated Assessment of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Ghana — Part 3: Social Sciences and Economics
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of the Consumption of Caffeinated Energy Drinks among Polish Adolescents
Previous Article in Special Issue
Integrated Assessment of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Ghana—Part 1: Human Health Review
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(7), 7922-7937; doi:10.3390/ijerph120707922

Injury Profiles Associated with Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Tarkwa, Ghana

1
Department of Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon Boundary, Accra, Ghana
2
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School Of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
3
Ghana Health Service, Accra, Ghana
4
Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, McGill University, CINE Building, Macdonald Campus of McGill University, 21111 Lakeshore Rd., St. Anne de Bellevue, QC H9X 3V9, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Susan Egan Keane and Paleah Black Moher
Received: 16 May 2015 / Revised: 6 July 2015 / Accepted: 8 July 2015 / Published: 10 July 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [711 KB, uploaded 10 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is inherently risky, but little is known about mining-associated hazards and injuries despite the tremendous growth worldwide of ASGM and the benefits it offers. The current study aimed to characterize the physical injuries associated with ASGM in Ghana to guide policy formulation. A cross-sectional survey was carried out in the Tarkwa mining district of the Western Region of Ghana in 2014. A total of 404 small-scale miners were recruited and interviewed regarding their occupational injury experiences over the preceding 10 years using a paper-based structured questionnaire. Nearly one-quarter (23.5%) of the miners interviewed reported getting injured over the previous 10 years, and the overall injury rate was calculated to be 5.39 per 100 person years. The rate was significantly higher for women (11.93 per 100 person years) and those with little mining experience (e.g., 25.31 per 100 person years for those with less than one year of work experience). The most injury-prone mining activities were excavation (58.7%) and crushing (23.1%), and over 70% of the injuries were reported to be due to miners being hit by an object. The majority of the injuries (57%) were lacerations, and nearly 70% of the injuries were to the upper or lower limbs. Approximately one-third (34.7%) of the injuries resulted in miners missing more than two weeks of work. One-quarter of the injured workers believed that abnormal work pressure played a role in their injuries, and nearly two-fifths believed that their injuries could have been prevented, with many citing personal protective equipment as a solution. About one-quarter of the employees reported that their employers never seemed to be interested in the welfare or safety of their employees. These findings greatly advance our understanding of occupational hazards and injuries amongst ASGM workers and help identify several intervention points. View Full-Text
Keywords: small-scale gold mining; ASGM; injuries; accidents; Ghana; Tarkwa mining district; occupational health; mining small-scale gold mining; ASGM; injuries; accidents; Ghana; Tarkwa mining district; occupational health; mining
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Calys-Tagoe, B.N.L.; Ovadje, L.; Clarke, E.; Basu, N.; Robins, T. Injury Profiles Associated with Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Tarkwa, Ghana. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 7922-7937.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top