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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(7), 7370-7391; doi:10.3390/ijerph120707370

Cost-Effectiveness of a New Nordic Diet as a Strategy for Health Promotion

1
Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 25, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
2
DTU Management Engineering, Global Decision Support Initiative, Danish Technical University, Produktionstorvet, Building 424, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 27 April 2015 / Revised: 12 June 2015 / Accepted: 25 June 2015 / Published: 30 June 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [847 KB, uploaded 30 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Inappropriate diets constitute an important health risk and an increasing environmental burden. Healthy regional diets may contribute to meeting this dual challenge. A palatable, healthy and sustainable New Nordic diet (NND) based on organic products from the Nordic region has been developed. This study assesses whether a large-scale introduction of NND is a cost-effective health promotion strategy by combining an economic model for estimating the utility-maximizing composition of NND, a life cycle assessment model to assess environmental effects of the dietary change, and a health impact model to assess impacts on the disease burden. Consumer expenditure for food and beverages in the NND is about 16% higher than currently, with the largest relative difference in low-income households. Environmental loads from food consumption are 15%–25% lower, and more than 18,000 disability-adjusted life years (DALY) will be saved per year in Denmark. NND exhibits a cost-effectiveness ratio of about €73,000–94,000 per DALY saved. This cost-effectiveness improves considerably, if the NND’s emphasis on organic and Nordic-origin products is relaxed. View Full-Text
Keywords: New Nordic Diet; environmental impact; public health; cost-effectiveness New Nordic Diet; environmental impact; public health; cost-effectiveness
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jensen, J.D.; Saxe, H.; Denver, S. Cost-Effectiveness of a New Nordic Diet as a Strategy for Health Promotion. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 7370-7391.

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