Waterpipe Smoking and Regulation in the United States: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature
AbstractBackground: Researchers in tobacco control are concerned about the increasing prevalence of waterpipe smoking in the United States, which may pose similar risks as cigarette smoking. This review explores the prevalence of waterpipe smoking in the United States as well as the shortcomings of current U.S. policy for waterpipe control and regulation. Methods: Researchers conducted a literature review for waterpipe articles dated between 2004 and 2015 using five online databases: MEDLINE, CINHAHL, ScienceDirect, PMC, and Cochrane Library. Results: To date, few studies have explored the marketing and regulation of waterpipe smoking in the U.S., which has increased in the last ten years, especially among women, adolescents, and young adults. Data indicate that the majority of waterpipe smokers are unaware of the potential risks of use. In addition, current tobacco control policies do not address waterpipe smoking, enabling tobacco companies to readily market and sell waterpipe products to young adults, who are at risk for becoming lifelong smokers. Conclusion: Policy makers in the area of public health need to update existing tobacco regulations to include waterpipe smoking. Similarly, public health researchers should develop public health campaigns and interventions to address the increasing rates of waterpipe smoking in the United States. View Full-Text
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Haddad, L.; El-Shahawy, O.; Ghadban, R.; Barnett, T.E.; Johnson, E. Waterpipe Smoking and Regulation in the United States: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 6115-6135.
Haddad L, El-Shahawy O, Ghadban R, Barnett TE, Johnson E. Waterpipe Smoking and Regulation in the United States: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(6):6115-6135.Chicago/Turabian Style
Haddad, Linda; El-Shahawy, Omar; Ghadban, Roula; Barnett, Tracey E.; Johnson, Emily. 2015. "Waterpipe Smoking and Regulation in the United States: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12, no. 6: 6115-6135.