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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(6), 5758-5774; doi:10.3390/ijerph120605758

Are Women in Turkey Both Risks and Resources in Disaster Management?

1
Istanbul Neighborhood Disaster Volunteers (MAG), Istanbul 34524, Turkey
2
AFAD (Emergency and Disaster Management Department), Istanbul Governorship, Istanbul 34410, Turkey
3
Division of Seismology, Department of Geophysics, Istanbul University, Istanbul 34320, Turkey
4
Division of Earth Physics, Department of Geophysics, Istanbul University, Istanbul 34320, Turkey
5
Department of Health, Istanbul University, Istanbul 34740, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mary J. Thornbush
Received: 18 August 2014 / Accepted: 13 May 2015 / Published: 26 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gender and Geoethics in the Geosciences)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8083 KB, uploaded 26 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

From a global perspective, the universality of gender-related societal issues is particularly significant. Although gender inequality is considered a sociological problem, the large number of female victims in disasters warrants an assessment of disaster management sciences. In this article, related concepts are discussed based on their relevance sociologically and in disaster management to develop a common terminology and examine this complex topic, which is rooted in different social profiles and anthropological heterogeneity throughout the world. A brief history is discussed, and significant examples are provided from different disasters in Turkey to illustrate why a woman-oriented approach should be adopted when evaluating concepts of gender inequality. Observations of disasters have shown that it is important to apply international standards (humanitarian charter and minimum disaster response standards), especially during periods of response and rehabilitation. Relevant factors related to gender should be included in these standards, such as women’s health and hygiene, which will be discussed in more detail. A woman-based approach is designed in relation to two aspects: risks and resources. Thus, gender-sensitive methods of mitigating and preventing disasters are provided. The main purpose of the article is to contribute to the development of a universal culture that prioritizes gender in disaster management. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender inequality; gender sensitivity; gender barrier; disaster management; risks; resources; cultural feminism; universal culture of disaster gender inequality; gender sensitivity; gender barrier; disaster management; risks; resources; cultural feminism; universal culture of disaster
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Işık, Ö.; Özer, N.; Sayın, N.; Mishal, A.; Gündoğdu, O.; Özçep, F. Are Women in Turkey Both Risks and Resources in Disaster Management? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 5758-5774.

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