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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(5), 4739-4757; doi:10.3390/ijerph120504739

Antimony, Arsenic and Chromium Speciation Studies in Biała Przemsza River (Upper Silesia, Poland) Water by HPLC-ICP-MS

Department of Waste Management and Environmental Analyses, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, 34 Skłodowskiej-Curie St., 41-819 Zabrze, Poland
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 16 March 2015 / Revised: 21 April 2015 / Accepted: 23 April 2015 / Published: 30 April 2015
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Abstract

In this paper the total concentration of As, Cr, Sb, pH and the red-ox potential of water and sediment samples of the Biała Przemsza River were determined. The arsenic (AB, MMA, DMA, As(III), As(V)), chromium (Cr(III), Cr(VI)) and antimony (Sb(III), Sb(V)) forms were studied by HPLC-ICP-MS. Ions were successfully separated on Hamilton PRP-X100: (AB, MMA, DMA, As(III), As(V)), Dionex Ion Pac AS-7 (Sb(III), Sb(V)) and Dionex IonPac AG7 columns: Cr(III), Cr(VI) with LOD 0.16 μg/L, 0.08 μg/L, 0.09 μg/L, 0.012 μg/L, 0.08 μg/L, 0.12 μg/L, 0.009 μg/L, 0.012 μg/L, 0.19 μg/L, 0.37 μg/L, respectively. The simplified BCR three-step sequential chemical extraction was performed on the bottom sediment samples. The samples were collected monthly, between April and December 2014, at five sampling points. Large contents of manganese, lead, cadmium and zinc were found in the Biała Przemsza River water. In December 2014, the lead content in the bottom sediment in Sławków was nearly 6000 mg/kg. In the river water, only the inorganic arsenic speciation forms were found. Sb(V), As(V) and Cr(III) were dominant. Studies have shown that arsenic, antimony and chromium were mainly bound to oxides, organic matter and sulphides in the bottom sediments. View Full-Text
Keywords: HPLC-ICP-MS; speciation; arsenic; antimony; chromium; BCR; river; Biała Przemsza; heavy metals; metalloids HPLC-ICP-MS; speciation; arsenic; antimony; chromium; BCR; river; Biała Przemsza; heavy metals; metalloids
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jabłońska-Czapla, M. Antimony, Arsenic and Chromium Speciation Studies in Biała Przemsza River (Upper Silesia, Poland) Water by HPLC-ICP-MS. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 4739-4757.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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