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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(4), 4380-4394; doi:10.3390/ijerph120404380

An Investigation into the Lifestyle, Health Habits and Risk Factors of Young Adults

1
College of Education, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
2
Biomechanics Research Unit, Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
3
Department of Psychology and Counselling, Newman University, Birmingham, B32 3NT, UK
4
Department of Physical Education, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 12 November 2014 / Revised: 28 March 2015 / Accepted: 31 March 2015 / Published: 22 April 2015
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Abstract

This project examined the lifestyle, health habits and risk factors of young adults at Qatar University. It explored the clustering and differences in dietary habits, body mass index (BMI) and physical activity (PA) amongst male and female students, both Qatari and non-Qatari. Seven hundred thirty two students aged 18–25 years completed a self-reported questionnaire and an objective measure of BMI. Males and females had a high prevalence of being overweight and obesity and low levels of PA, according to well-established international standards. Three clusters were identified based on the students’ lifestyle and dietary habits. Cluster 1 (high risk factors) included those who engaged the least in healthy dietary practices and consumed the most unhealthy foods, participated in less PA and had the highest BMI. Cluster 2 (moderate risk factors) included those with considerably more habits falling into the moderate category, engagement in the most PA, the least TV and computer viewing time and had the lowest BMI. Cluster 3 (low risk factors) included those who engaged the most with the four healthy dietary practices, the least with the four unhealthy dietary practices and participated in moderate PA per week. This project provides valuable data that could be used by policy makers to address issues concerning student’s health. View Full-Text
Keywords: clustering; risk factors; young adults; diet; physical activity; body mass index clustering; risk factors; young adults; diet; physical activity; body mass index
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Nakeeb, Y.; Lyons, M.; Dodd, L.J.; Al-Nuaim, A. An Investigation into the Lifestyle, Health Habits and Risk Factors of Young Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 4380-4394.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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