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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(2), 2215-2229; doi:10.3390/ijerph120202215

Application of QUAL2K Model to Assess Ecological Purification Technology for a Polluted River

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
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Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 10 November 2014 / Accepted: 4 February 2015 / Published: 16 February 2015
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Abstract

Industrialization and urbanization have caused water pollution and ecosystem degradation, especially in urban canals and rivers in China; accordingly, effective water quality improvement programs are needed. In this study, the Tianlai River in Jiangsu, China was taken as a research site, and a combination of ecological purification technologies consisting of biological rope, phytoremediation, and activated carbon were applied in a laboratory-scale study to examine degradation coefficients under dynamic water conditions. Coefficients were then input into the QUAL2K model to simulate various hypothetical scenarios and determine the minimum density of ecological purification combination and hydraulic retention time (HRT) to meet Grade V or IV of the China standard for surface water. The minimum densities for Grade V and IV were 1.6 times and 2 times the experimental density, while the minimum HRTs for Grade V and IV were 2.4 day and 3 day. The results of this study should provide a practical and efficient design method for ecological purification programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological purification technology; degradation coefficient; hydraulic retention time; QUAL2K model ecological purification technology; degradation coefficient; hydraulic retention time; QUAL2K model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, W.; Niu, Q.; Zhang, R.; Ye, R.; Qian, X.; Qian, Y. Application of QUAL2K Model to Assess Ecological Purification Technology for a Polluted River. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 2215-2229.

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