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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(2), 2105-2119; doi:10.3390/ijerph120202105

Perceived Environmental and Personal Factors Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transportation in Taiwanese Adults

1
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University, 162, Heping East Road Section 1, Taipei 10610, Taiwan
2
Department of Physical Education, National Taiwan Normal University, 162, Heping East Road Section 1, Taipei 10610, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 7 November 2014 / Revised: 15 January 2015 / Accepted: 10 February 2015 / Published: 13 February 2015
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Abstract

This study examined perceived environmental and personal factors associated with walking and cycling as means of transportation for Taiwanese adults. A random-digit-dialing telephone-based cross-sectional survey was conducted with Taiwanese adults aged 20 to 64 years. Data on time spent walking and cycling for transportation and perceptions of neighborhood environment and personal characteristics were obtained from 1065 adults by using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-long version and its environmental module. Adjusted binary logistic regression was performed. The results showed that, after adjusting potential confounders, common and different personal and perceived environmental factors were associated with walking and cycling for transportation. For common personal factors, adults who had employment were less likely to engage in 150 min of walking per week (odds ratio [OR] = 0.41; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.27–0.62) and to use cycling as a means of transportation (OR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.32–0.79). For common perceived environmental factors, adults who perceived good connectivity of streets were more likely to walk (OR = 1.95; 95% CI: 1.20–3.16) and cycle (OR = 2.02; 95% CI: 1.16–3.54) for transportation. Targeting employed adults and improving the connectivity of streets should be a priority for developing transport policies and intervention strategies to promote active transportation. View Full-Text
Keywords: perceived environment; active commuting; Taiwanese; walking for transportation; cycling for transportation; personal factors perceived environment; active commuting; Taiwanese; walking for transportation; cycling for transportation; personal factors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liao, Y.; Wang, I.-T.; Hsu, H.-H.; Chang, S.-H. Perceived Environmental and Personal Factors Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transportation in Taiwanese Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 2105-2119.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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