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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(2), 1773-1787; doi:10.3390/ijerph120201773

Field Testing of Alternative Cookstove Performance in a Rural Setting of Western India

1
Vadu Rural Health Program, KEM Hospital Research Centre, Pune 411011, India
2
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
3
Chest Research Foundation, Pune 411014, India
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 20 November 2014 / Accepted: 27 January 2015 / Published: 3 February 2015
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Abstract

Nearly three billion people use solid fuels for cooking and heating, which leads to extremely high levels of household air pollution and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Many stove manufacturers have developed alternative cookstoves (ACSs) that are aimed at reducing emissions and fuel consumption. Here, we tested a traditional clay chulha cookstove (TCS) and five commercially available ACSs, including both natural draft (Greenway Smart Stove, Envirofit PCS-1) and forced draft stoves (BioLite HomeStove, Philips Woodstove HD4012, and Eco-Chulha XXL), in a test kitchen in a rural village of western India. Compared to the TCS, the ACSs produced significant reductions in particulate matter less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) and CO concentrations (Envirofit: 22%/16%, Greenway: 24%/42%, BioLite: 40%/35%, Philips: 66%/55% and Eco-Chulha: 61%/42%), which persisted after normalization for fuel consumption or useful energy. PM2.5 and CO concentrations were lower for forced draft stoves than natural draft stoves. Furthermore, the Philips and Eco-Chulha units exhibited higher cooking efficiency than the TCS. Despite significant reductions in concentrations, all ACSs failed to achieve PM2.5 levels that are considered safe by the World Health Organization (ACSs: 277–714 μg/m3 or 11–28 fold higher than the WHO recommendation of 25 μg/m3). View Full-Text
Keywords: improved cookstove; biomass; particulate matter; carbon monoxide; wood improved cookstove; biomass; particulate matter; carbon monoxide; wood
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Muralidharan, V.; Sussan, T.E.; Limaye, S.; Koehler, K.; Williams, D.L.; Rule, A.M.; Juvekar, S.; Breysse, P.N.; Salvi, S.; Biswal, S. Field Testing of Alternative Cookstove Performance in a Rural Setting of Western India. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 1773-1787.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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