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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(2), 1069-1082; doi:10.3390/ijerph120201069

Delineating Biophysical Environments of the Sunda Banda Seascape, Indonesia

1
Center for Geospatial Research, Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
2
Conservation Science Program, World Wildlife Fund—US, Washington, D.C. 20037, USA
3
Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon EX4 4SB, UK
4
Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St. Lucia Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
5
Coral Triangle Program, World Wildlife Fund—Indonesia, Jakarta Selatan 12540, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 October 2014 / Accepted: 29 December 2014 / Published: 22 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Proceedings from 2014 Global Land Project (GLP) Asia Conference)
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Abstract

The Sunda Banda Seascape (SBS), located in the center of the Coral Triangle, is a global center of marine biodiversity and a conservation priority. We proposed the first biophysical environmental delineation of the SBS using globally available satellite remote sensing and model-assimilated data to categorize this area into unique and meaningful biophysical classes. Specifically, the SBS was partitioned into eight biophysical classes characterized by similar sea surface temperature, chlorophyll a concentration, currents, and salinity patterns. Areas within each class were expected to have similar habitat types and ecosystem functions. Our work supplemented prevailing global marine management schemes by focusing in on a regional scale with finer spatial resolution. It also provided a baseline for academic research, ecological assessments and will facilitate marine spatial planning and conservation activities in the area. In addition, the framework and methods of delineating biophysical environments we presented can be expanded throughout the whole Coral Triangle to support research and conservation activities in this important region. View Full-Text
Keywords: biophysical environments; Sunda Banda Seascape; remote sensing; self-organizing map; sea surface temperature; chlorophyll a; currents; salinity; marine conservation biophysical environments; Sunda Banda Seascape; remote sensing; self-organizing map; sea surface temperature; chlorophyll a; currents; salinity; marine conservation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, M.; Ahmadia, G.N.; Chollett, I.; Huang, C.; Fox, H.; Wijonarno, A.; Madden, M. Delineating Biophysical Environments of the Sunda Banda Seascape, Indonesia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 1069-1082.

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