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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(11), 14872-14886; doi:10.3390/ijerph121114872

Workplace Violence and Job Performance among Community Healthcare Workers in China: The Mediator Role of Quality of Life

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510182, China
2
Baoan Center Hospital of Shenzhen, 6 Xiyuan Road, Baoan District, Shenzhen 518102, China
3
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510182, China
4
Institute of Public Health, School of Nursing, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cary Cooper
Received: 21 October 2015 / Revised: 17 November 2015 / Accepted: 18 November 2015 / Published: 20 November 2015
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Abstract

Objective: To explore the impact of workplace violence on job performance and quality of life of community healthcare workers in China, especially the relationship of these three variables. Methods: From December 2013 to April 2014, a total of 1404 healthcare workers were recruited by using the random cluster sampling method from Community Health Centers in Guangzhou and Shenzhen. The workplace violence scale, the job performance scale and the quality of life scale (SF-36) were self-administered. The structural equation model constructed by Amos 17.0 was employed to assess the relationship among these variables. Results: Our study found that 51.64% of the respondents had an experience of workplace violence. It was found that both job performance and quality of life had a negative correlation with workplace violence. A positive association was identified between job performance and quality of life. The path analysis showed the total effect (β = −0.243) of workplace violence on job performance consisted of a direct effect (β = −0.113) and an indirect effect (β = −0.130), which was mediated by quality of life. Conclusions: Workplace violence among community healthcare workers is prevalent in China. The workplace violence had negative effects on the job performance and quality of life of CHCs’ workers. The study suggests that improvement in the quality of life may lead to an effective reduction of the damages in job performance caused by workplace violence. View Full-Text
Keywords: community healthcare worker; workplace violence; job performance; quality of life; mediator community healthcare worker; workplace violence; job performance; quality of life; mediator
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, W.-Q.; Wu, J.; Yuan, L.-X.; Zhang, S.-C.; Jing, M.-J.; Zhang, H.-S.; Luo, J.-L.; Lei, Y.-X.; Wang, P.-X. Workplace Violence and Job Performance among Community Healthcare Workers in China: The Mediator Role of Quality of Life. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 14872-14886.

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