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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(11), 14887-14897; doi:10.3390/ijerph121114887

Air Pollution Exposure and Physical Activity in China: Current Knowledge, Public Health Implications, and Future Research Needs

1
Key Laboratory of Exercise and Health Sciences of Ministry of Education, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China
2
Center for Hormone Advanced Science and Education, Roskamp Institute, Sarasota, FL 34243, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 19 July 2015 / Revised: 3 November 2015 / Accepted: 16 November 2015 / Published: 20 November 2015
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Abstract

Deteriorating air quality in China has created global public health concerns in regard to health and health-related behaviors. Although emerging environmental regulations address ambient air pollution in China, the level of enforcement and long-term impact of these measures remain unknown. Exposure to air pollution has been shown to lead to multiple adverse health outcomes, including increased rates of heart disease and mortality. However, a lesser-known but increasingly significant concern is the relationship between air pollution and its effects on outdoor exercise. This is especially important in China, which has a culturally rooted lifestyle that encourages participation in outdoor physical activity. This article evaluates the intersection of air pollution and outdoor exercise and provides a discussion of issues related to its public health impact in China, where efforts to promote a healthy lifestyle may be adversely affected by the ambient air pollution that has accompanied rapid economic development and urbanization. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; health promotion; air pollution; public health; China physical activity; health promotion; air pollution; public health; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lü, J.; Liang, L.; Feng, Y.; Li, R.; Liu, Y. Air Pollution Exposure and Physical Activity in China: Current Knowledge, Public Health Implications, and Future Research Needs. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 14887-14897.

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