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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 12291-12303; doi:10.3390/ijerph121012291

Early Substance Use Initiation and Suicide Ideation and Attempts among School-Aged Adolescents in Four Pacific Island Countries in Oceania

1,2,3,* and 1,2
1
ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya 73170, Thailand
2
Department of Research & Innovation, University of Limpopo, Turfloop 0727, South Africa
3
HIV/AIDS/STIs and TB (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Danuta Wasserman, Vladimir Carli and Gergo Hadlaczky
Received: 5 September 2015 / Revised: 21 September 2015 / Accepted: 28 September 2015 / Published: 30 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicide Prevention among Youth)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [673 KB, uploaded 30 September 2015]

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the correlations between early initiation (<12 years) of smoking cigarettes, alcohol use, and drug use (cannabis) with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in school-aged adolescents in four Pacific Island countries in Oceania. The sample included 6540 adolescents (≤13 to ≥16 years old) from Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted to assess the association between pre-adolescent substance use initiation and suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Results indicate a prevalence of 25.8% suicidal ideation in the past 12 months (ranging from 17.2% in Vanuatu to 34.7% in Kiribati) and 34.9% suicide attempts in the past 12 months (ranging from 23.5% in Vanuatu to 62.0% in Samoa). The prevalence of early cigarette smoking initiation was 15.7%, early alcohol initiation 13.8%, and early drug use initiation was 12.9%. Students who reported pre-adolescent substance use initiation, compared with non-substance users, were more likely reporting suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. The concurrent initiation of cigarette smoking, alcohol, and drug use should be targeted in early prevention programmes in order to prevent possible subsequent suicidal behaviours. View Full-Text
Keywords: early substance use; cigarette smoking; alcohol; drugs; suicidal ideation; suicide attempt; global school-based health survey; Kiribati; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu early substance use; cigarette smoking; alcohol; drugs; suicidal ideation; suicide attempt; global school-based health survey; Kiribati; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Peltzer, K.; Pengpid, S. Early Substance Use Initiation and Suicide Ideation and Attempts among School-Aged Adolescents in Four Pacific Island Countries in Oceania. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 12291-12303.

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