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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 12225-12246; doi:10.3390/ijerph121012225

A Comparative Land Use-Based Analysis of Noise Pollution Levels in Selected Urban Centers of Nigeria

1
Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences, North West University, Mafikeng Campus, Private Bag X2046, Mmabatho, 2735, South Africa
2
Department of Geography, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, 220282, Nigeria
This author contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 14 July 2015 / Revised: 2 September 2015 / Accepted: 8 September 2015 / Published: 29 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3133 KB, uploaded 29 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Growth in the commercialization, mobility and urbanization of human settlements across the globe has greatly exposed world urban population to potentially harmful noise levels. The situation is more disturbing in developing countries like Nigeria, where there are no sacrosanct noise laws and regulations. This study characterized noise pollution levels in Ibadan and Ile-Ife, two urban areas of Southwestern Nigeria that have experienced significant increases in population and land use activities. Eight hundred noise measurements, taken at 20 different positions in the morning, afternoon, and evening of carefully selected weekdays, in each urban area, were used for this study. Findings put the average noise levels in the urban centers at between 53 dB(A) and 89 dB (A), a far cry from the World Health Organization (WHO) permissible limits in all the land use types, with highest noise pollution levels recorded for transportation, commercial, residential and educational land use types. The result of the one-way ANOVA test carried out on the dependent variable noise and fixed factor land use types reveals a statistically significant mean noise levels across the study area (F(3,34) = 15.13, p = 0.000). The study underscores noise pollution monitoring and the urgent need to control urban noise pollution with appropriate and effective policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: noise pollution; land use; developing countries; urbanization; cities; Nigeria noise pollution; land use; developing countries; urbanization; cities; Nigeria
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Baloye., D.O.; Palamuleni, L.G. A Comparative Land Use-Based Analysis of Noise Pollution Levels in Selected Urban Centers of Nigeria. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 12225-12246.

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