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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(1), 910-926; doi:10.3390/ijerph120100910

Effects of Horizontal Acceleration on Human Visual Acuity and Stereopsis

1
Medical Education Center, Kaohsiung Armed Forced General Hospital, Kaohsiung City 802, Taiwan
2
Department of Pharmacy, Tajen University, Pintung City 907, Taiwan
3
Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Chung Shang Medical University and Chung Shang Medical University Hospital, Taichung City 402, Taiwan
4
Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei City 231, Taiwan
5
Department of Ophthalmology, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei City 100, Taiwan
6
Medical Affairs Bureau, Ministry of National Defense, Taipei City 104, Taiwan
7
Department of Ear-Nose-Throat, Kaohsiung Armed Forced General Hospital, Kaohsiung City 802, Taiwan
8
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City 100, Taiwan
9
General Educational Center, Center Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung City 406, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 26 November 2014 / Accepted: 13 January 2015 / Published: 19 January 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1256 KB, uploaded 19 January 2015]   |  

Abstract

The effect of horizontal acceleration on human visual acuity and stereopsis is demonstrated in this study. Twenty participants (mean age 22.6 years) were enrolled in the experiment. Acceleration from two different directions was performed at the Taiwan High-Speed Rail Laboratory. Gx and Gy (< and >0.1 g) were produced on an accelerating platform where the subjects stood. The visual acuity and stereopsis of the right eye were measured before and during the acceleration. Acceleration <0.1 g in the X- or Y-axis did not affect dynamic vision and stereopsis. Vision decreased (mean from 0.02 logMAR to 0.25 logMAR) and stereopsis declined significantly (mean from 40 s to 60.2 s of arc) when Gx > 0.1 g. Visual acuity worsened (mean from 0.02 logMAR to 0.19 logMAR) and poor stereopsis was noted (mean from 40 s to 50.2 s of arc) when Gy > 0.1 g. The effect of acceleration from the X-axis on the visual system was higher than that from the Y-axis. During acceleration, most subjects complained of ocular strain when reading. To our knowledge, this study is the first to report the exact levels of visual function loss during Gx and Gy. View Full-Text
Keywords: acceleration; Gx; Gy; visual acuity; stereopsis acceleration; Gx; Gy; visual acuity; stereopsis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Horng, C.-T.; Hsieh, Y.-S.; Tsai, M.-L.; Chang, W.-K.; Yang, T.-H.; Yauan, C.-H.; Wang, C.-H.; Kuo, W.-H.; Wu, Y.-C. Effects of Horizontal Acceleration on Human Visual Acuity and Stereopsis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 910-926.

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