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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(1), 895-909; doi:10.3390/ijerph120100895

Smoking-Related Knowledge, Attitude, Social Pressure, and Environmental Constraints among New Undergraduates in Chongqing, China

1
School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, No.1 Yixueyuan Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing 400016, China
2
The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
3
School of the Second Clinical, Chongqing Medical University, No.1 Yixueyuan Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing 400016, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Emmanuel Rudatsikira
Received: 17 July 2014 / Revised: 30 December 2014 / Accepted: 12 January 2015 / Published: 19 January 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [703 KB, uploaded 19 January 2015]

Abstract

Background: Smoking has resulted in numerous deaths in China. Data indicate that 21% of college students in China are smokers. Objective: This study aimed to examine the smoking-related behaviors of undergraduates, as influenced by knowledge, attitude, social pressure, and environmental constraints. Method: A convenience sampling of 412 fresh undergraduates from two universities in the University Town in Chongqing, China was recruited. Chi-square tests were used to compare the smoking-related variables between smokers and non-smokers. Moreover, logistic regression was used to examine the factors that associated with smoking status in undergraduates. Results: Smokers and non-smokers differ in terms of knowledge, attitudes toward smoking, participation in tobacco promotional activities, and sources of social pressure. Logistic regression model identified that sex, living cost, five smoking-related attitudes of “Smoking is pleasurable, Smoking relaxes me, Smoking makes me look strong, Smoking is a waste of money, Smoking can help me study better”, the social pressure “Smoking brings comfort during celebration”, and the environmental constraints “How did you get your cigarettes in the past 30 days?” are significantly associated with smoking. Conclusions: The findings provide a better understanding of the epidemic of smoking among fresh undergraduates in Chongqing, China. This study provides more detailed consideration of the implications for the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) policies, especially on restriction of retail sales outlets and tobacco promotion activities near universities in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: undergraduates; smoking; attitude; environmental constraints; knowledge; social pressure undergraduates; smoking; attitude; environmental constraints; knowledge; social pressure
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, X.; Leung, D.Y.P.; Li, B.; Wang, P.; Zhao, Y. Smoking-Related Knowledge, Attitude, Social Pressure, and Environmental Constraints among New Undergraduates in Chongqing, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 895-909.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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