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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(9), 9325-9344; doi:10.3390/ijerph110909325

Removal of Disinfection By-Products from Contaminated Water Using a Synthetic Goethite Catalyst via Catalytic Ozonation and a Biofiltration System

1
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Neipu, Pingtung County 912, Taiwan
2
Emerging Compounds Research Center (ECOREC), National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, 1 Shuehfu Rd., Neipu, Pingtung 91201, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 May 2014 / Revised: 21 August 2014 / Accepted: 1 September 2014 / Published: 10 September 2014
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Abstract

The effects of synthetic goethite (α-FeOOH) used as the catalyst in catalytic ozonation for the degradation of disinfection by-product (DBP) precursors are investigated. A biofiltration column applied following the catalytic ozonation process is used to evaluate the efficiency of removing DBP precursors via biotreatment. Ozone can rapidly react with aromatic compounds and oxidize organic compounds, resulting in a decrease in the fluorescence intensity of dissolved organic matter (DOM). In addition, catalytic ozonation can break down large organic molecules, which causes a blue shift in the emission-excitation matrix spectra. Water treated with catalytic ozonation is composed of low-molecular structures, including soluble microbial products (SMPs) and other aromatic proteins (APs). The DOM in SMPs and APs is removed by subsequent biofiltration. Catalytic ozonation has a higher removal efficiency for dissolved organic carbon and higher ultraviolet absorbance at 254 nm compared to those of ozonation without a catalyst. The use of catalytic ozonation and subsequent biofiltration leads to a lower DBP formation potential during chlorination compared to that obtained using ozonation and catalytic ozonation alone. Regarding DBP species during chlorination, the bromine incorporation factor (BIF) of trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids increases with increasing catalyst dosage in catalytic ozonation. Moreover, the highest BIF is obtained for catalytic ozonation and subsequent biofiltration. View Full-Text
Keywords: catalytic ozonation; goethite; biofiltration; disinfection by-products; emission-excitation matrix; bromine incorporation factor catalytic ozonation; goethite; biofiltration; disinfection by-products; emission-excitation matrix; bromine incorporation factor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.-H.; Chen, K.-C. Removal of Disinfection By-Products from Contaminated Water Using a Synthetic Goethite Catalyst via Catalytic Ozonation and a Biofiltration System. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 9325-9344.

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