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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(9), 9217-9237; doi:10.3390/ijerph110909217

Application of Magnesium Modified Corn Biochar for Phosphorus Removal and Recovery from Swine Wastewater

Key Laboratory of Plant-Soil Interactions of Ministry of Education, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 June 2014 / Revised: 1 August 2014 / Accepted: 27 August 2014 / Published: 5 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrient Removal and Recovery)
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The recycling of lost phosphorus (P) is important in sustainable development. In line with this objective, biochar adsorption is a promising method of P recovery. Therefore, our study investigates the efficiency and selectivity of magnesium modified corn biochar (Mg/biochar) in relation to P adsorption. It also examines the available P derived from postsorption Mg/biochar. Mg/biochar is rich in magnesium nanoparticles and organic functional groups, and it can adsorb 90% of the equilibrium amount of P within 30 min. The Mg/biochar P adsorption process is mainly controlled by chemical action. The maximum P adsorption amount of Mg/biochar is 239 mg/g. The Langmuir-Freundlich model fits the P adsorption isotherm best. Thermodynamics calculation shows ∆H > 0, ∆G < 0, ∆S > 0, and it demonstrates the P adsorption process is an endothermic, spontaneous, and increasingly disordered. The optimal pH is 9. The amounts of P adsorbed by Mg/B300, Mg/B450, and Mg/B600 from swine wastewater are lower than that adsorbed from synthetic P wastewater by 6.6%, 4.8%, and 4.2%, respectively. Mg/biochar is more resistant to pH and to the influence of coexisting ions than biochar. Finally, postsorption Mg/biochar can release P persistently. The P release equilibrium concentrations are ordered as follows: Mg/B600 > Mg/B450 > Mg/B300. The postsorption Mg/B300, Mg/B450, and Mg/B600 can release 3.3%, 3.9%, and 4.4% of the total adsorbed P, respectively, per interval time. View Full-Text
Keywords: phosphorus; magnesium modified corn biochar; swine wastewater; nutrient recovery phosphorus; magnesium modified corn biochar; swine wastewater; nutrient recovery

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Fang, C.; Zhang, T.; Li, P.; Jiang, R.-F.; Wang, Y.-C. Application of Magnesium Modified Corn Biochar for Phosphorus Removal and Recovery from Swine Wastewater. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 9217-9237.

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