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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(8), 8529-8541; doi:10.3390/ijerph110808529
Article

An Early Warning System Based on Syndromic Surveillance to Detect Potential Health Emergencies among Migrants: Results of a Two-Year Experience in Italy

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Received: 26 June 2014; in revised form: 29 July 2014 / Accepted: 8 August 2014 / Published: 20 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migrant Health)
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Abstract: Profound geopolitical changes have impacted the southern and eastern Mediterranean since 2010 and defined a context of instability that is still affecting several countries today. Insecurity combined with the reduction of border controls has led to major population movements in the region and to migration surges from affected countries to southern Europe, especially to Italy. To respond to the humanitarian emergency triggered by this migration surge, Italy implemented a syndromic surveillance system in order to rapidly detect potential public health emergencies in immigrant reception centres. This system was discontinued after two years. This paper presents the results of this experience detailing its strengths and weaknesses in order to document the applicability and usefulness of syndromic surveillance in this specific context.
Keywords: migrant influx; early warning; syndromic surveillance; Italy migrant influx; early warning; syndromic surveillance; Italy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Napoli, C.; Riccardo, F.; Declich, S.; Dente, M.G.; Pompa, M.G.; Rizzo, C.; Rota, M.C.; Bella, A.; The National Working Group. An Early Warning System Based on Syndromic Surveillance to Detect Potential Health Emergencies among Migrants: Results of a Two-Year Experience in Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 8529-8541.

AMA Style

Napoli C, Riccardo F, Declich S, Dente MG, Pompa MG, Rizzo C, Rota MC, Bella A, The National Working Group. An Early Warning System Based on Syndromic Surveillance to Detect Potential Health Emergencies among Migrants: Results of a Two-Year Experience in Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(8):8529-8541.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Napoli, Christian; Riccardo, Flavia; Declich, Silvia; Dente, Maria G.; Pompa, Maria G.; Rizzo, Caterina; Rota, Maria C.; Bella, Antonino; The National Working Group. 2014. "An Early Warning System Based on Syndromic Surveillance to Detect Potential Health Emergencies among Migrants: Results of a Two-Year Experience in Italy." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 8: 8529-8541.



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