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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(7), 7022-7035; doi:10.3390/ijerph110707022

Tobacco Smoking Status and Perception of Health among a Sample of Jordanian Students

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Received: 28 April 2014 / Revised: 5 June 2014 / Accepted: 27 June 2014 / Published: 11 July 2014
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Limited data are available from Jordan examining patterns of tobacco use among adolescents, or how use is related to health perceptions. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use and to assess the relationship between use and health-related perceptions. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of 11–18 year old school students from a major governorate in Jordan. Using a multistage random sampling 1050 students were selected. Students were categorized as non-smokers, cigarette-only smokers, waterpipe-only smokers, or dual smokers. Rates of waterpipe-only and cigarette-only smoking were 7% and 3%, respectively, and were similar for boys and girls. In contrast, the rate of dual use was much higher than for single product use and was double in girls compared to boys (34% vs. 17%). Dual-smokers were significantly more likely to think that it is safe to smoke as long as the person intends to quit within two years compared to non-smokers, and had lower self-rated health status than other groups. This is the first study among Arab adolescents to document high rates of dual tobacco use, especially pronounced among girls. The study findings have significant implications for designing tobacco smoking prevention programs for school health settings.
Keywords: Jordan; tobacco; adolescent; smoking; perception; health Jordan; tobacco; adolescent; smoking; perception; health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Alzyoud, S.; Kheirallah, K.A.; Weglicki, L.S.; Ward, K.D.; Al-Khawaldeh, A.; Shotar, A. Tobacco Smoking Status and Perception of Health among a Sample of Jordanian Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 7022-7035.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert