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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(6), 6472-6484; doi:10.3390/ijerph110606472

Differences in Birthweight Outcomes: A Longitudinal Study Based on Siblings

1
Department of Economics, University of Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, 20, 06123 Perugia, Italy
2
Department of Experimental Medicine, Public Health Section, University of Perugia, P.le Gambuli, 1,06122 Sant'Andrea delle Fratte, 06156 Perugia, Italy
3
Department of Political Sciences, University of Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, 20, 06123 Perugia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 March 2014 / Revised: 8 May 2014 / Accepted: 14 May 2014 / Published: 20 June 2014
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Abstract

Objectives: We investigate the differences in birthweight between first- and second-borns, evaluating the impact of changes in pregnancy (e.g., gestational age), demographic (e.g., age), and social (e.g., education level, marital status) maternal characteristics. Data and Methods: All analyses are performed on data collected in Umbria (Italy) taking into account a set of 792 women who delivered twice from 2005 to 2008. Firstly, we use a univariate paired t-test for the comparison between weights of first- and second-borns; Secondly, we use linear and nonlinear regression approaches in order to: (i) evaluate the effect of demographic and social maternal characteristics and (ii) predict the odds-ratio of low and high birthweight infants, respectively. Results: We find that the birthweight of second-borns is significantly higher than that of first-borns. Statistically significant effects are related with a longer gestational age, an increased number of visits during the pregnancy, and the gender of infants. On the other hand, we do not observe any significant effect related with mother’s age and with other characteristics of interest. View Full-Text
Keywords: birthweight; maternal characteristics; standard certificate of live birth birthweight; maternal characteristics; standard certificate of live birth
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bacci, S.; Bartolucci, F.; Chiavarini, M.; Minelli, L.; Pieroni, L. Differences in Birthweight Outcomes: A Longitudinal Study Based on Siblings. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 6472-6484.

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