Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(5), 5487-5496; doi:10.3390/ijerph110505487
Article

Physical Activity Levels in Women Attending Breast Screening, Receiving Chemotherapy and Post-Breast Cancer Treatment; A Cross-Sectional Study

1email, 1email, 1email and 2,* email
Received: 11 March 2014; in revised form: 24 April 2014 / Accepted: 9 May 2014 / Published: 20 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lifestyle Intervention for Chronic Diseases Prevention)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Background: A lack of physical activity (PA) is a well-recognised risk factor in the development of breast cancer (BC) and evidence-base research on the impact of PA on BC survival is consolidating. However, evidence reveals that BC survivors have low levels of PA, suggesting the need of targeted interventions to enhance the PA behaviour of BC survivors. Unfortunately, there is lack of data from the UK about the PA behaviours of women at various stages of diagnosis and treatment of BC. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess PA levels in women at different stages of BC pathway. Patients and Methods: A convenient sample of patients was selected at various stages of presentation and treatment of BC. Patients attending for breast screening for NHSBSP (n = 188), post-operative patients attending for chemotherapy (n = 41) and BC patients within one year’s post-treatment (n = 80) were invited to take part in this cross-sectional study. Results: Based on the odds ratio, the likelihood of a chemotherapy participant not meeting PA guidelines (i.e., being in the low activity category) were three times higher than the odds of a NHSBPS attendee not meeting PA guidelines, and compared to post-treatment participants, the chemotherapy patient’s odds of not meeting PA guidelines was four times higher. The odds of NHSBPS attendees being in the high activity category compared to the moderate category were three times higher than that of a post-treatment participant. Conclusions: The current study suggests the need to establish robust PA interventions to enhance the PA behaviour of breast cancer survivors.
Keywords: breast cancer; physical activity; chemotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lahart, I.M.; Metsios, G.S.; Nevill, A.M.; Carmichael, A.R. Physical Activity Levels in Women Attending Breast Screening, Receiving Chemotherapy and Post-Breast Cancer Treatment; A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 5487-5496.

AMA Style

Lahart IM, Metsios GS, Nevill AM, Carmichael AR. Physical Activity Levels in Women Attending Breast Screening, Receiving Chemotherapy and Post-Breast Cancer Treatment; A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(5):5487-5496.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lahart, Ian M.; Metsios, George S.; Nevill, Alan M.; Carmichael, Amtul R. 2014. "Physical Activity Levels in Women Attending Breast Screening, Receiving Chemotherapy and Post-Breast Cancer Treatment; A Cross-Sectional Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 5: 5487-5496.


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