Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(5), 5081-5093; doi:10.3390/ijerph110505081
Article

The Effects of Fine Particulate Air Pollution on Daily Mortality: A Case-Crossover Study in a Subtropical City, Taipei, Taiwan

1email, 2email, 3email and 3,4,* email
Received: 12 February 2014; in revised form: 5 May 2014 / Accepted: 5 May 2014 / Published: 12 May 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [236 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: This study was undertaken to determine whether there was an association between PM2.5 levels and daily mortality in Taipei, Taiwan, the largest metropolitan city with a subtropical climate. Daily mortality, air pollution, and weather data for Taipei were obtained for the period from 2006–2008. The relative risk of daily mortality was estimated using a time-stratified case-crossover approach, controlling for weather variables, day of the week, seasonality, and long-term time trends. For the single pollutant model, PM2.5 showed association with total mortality both on warm (>23 °C) and cool days (<23 °C). There is no indication of an association between PM2.5 and risk of death due to respiratory diseases both on warm and cool days. PM2.5 had effects on the risk of death from cardiovascular diseases only on cool days. In the two-pollutant models, PM2.5 remained effects on the risk of mortality for all cause and cardiovascular disease after the inclusion of SO2 and O3 both on warm and cool days. This study provides evidence that short-term exposure to PM2.5 increased the risk of death for all cause and cardiovascular disease.
Keywords: fine particulate; air pollution; daily mortality; case-crossover
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Tsai, S.-S.; Chang, C.-C.; Liou, S.-H.; Yang, C.-Y. The Effects of Fine Particulate Air Pollution on Daily Mortality: A Case-Crossover Study in a Subtropical City, Taipei, Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 5081-5093.

AMA Style

Tsai S-S, Chang C-C, Liou S-H, Yang C-Y. The Effects of Fine Particulate Air Pollution on Daily Mortality: A Case-Crossover Study in a Subtropical City, Taipei, Taiwan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(5):5081-5093.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tsai, Shang-Shyue; Chang, Chih-Ching; Liou, Saou-Hsing; Yang, Chun-Yuh. 2014. "The Effects of Fine Particulate Air Pollution on Daily Mortality: A Case-Crossover Study in a Subtropical City, Taipei, Taiwan." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 5: 5081-5093.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert