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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(4), 4091-4107; doi:10.3390/ijerph110404091
Article

Food Safety and Bioavailability Evaluations of Four Vegetables Grown in the Highly Arsenic-Contaminated Soils on the Guandu Plain of Northern Taiwan

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Received: 26 February 2014; in revised form: 2 April 2014 / Accepted: 2 April 2014 / Published: 14 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IJERPH: 10th Anniversary)
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Abstract: Arsenic contamination in a large area of agricultural fields on the Guandu Plain of northern Taiwan was confirmed in a survey conducted in 2006, but research concerning the relationship between bioavailable As concentrations in contaminated soils and crop production in Taiwan is not available. Pot experiments were conducted to examine the growth and accumulation of As in four vegetable crops grown in As-contaminated soils and to assess As intake through consumption. The phytotoxic effects of As in soils were not shown in the pot experiments in which vegetable crops were grown in soils contaminated with different As levels in situ collected from Guandu Plain (120–460 mg/kg) or artificially spiked As-contaminated soils (50–170 mg/kg). Experimental results showed that the bioavailable As extracted with 0.5M NaHCO3 from soils can be used to estimate As concentrations in vegetables. The As concentrations in the vegetables were compared with data shown in the literature and As limits calculated from drinking water standards and the provisional tolerance weekly intake (PTWI) of inorganic As established by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO). Although the As levels in the vegetables were not high and the bioavailability of As in the soils was quite low, long-term consumption may result in higher As intake in the human body.
Keywords: arsenic (As); soil testing; vegetables; phytotoxicity; provisional tolerance weekly intake (PTWI); extraction method arsenic (As); soil testing; vegetables; phytotoxicity; provisional tolerance weekly intake (PTWI); extraction method
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Su, S.-W.; Tsui, C.-C.; Lai, H.-Y.; Chen, Z.-S. Food Safety and Bioavailability Evaluations of Four Vegetables Grown in the Highly Arsenic-Contaminated Soils on the Guandu Plain of Northern Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 4091-4107.

AMA Style

Su S-W, Tsui C-C, Lai H-Y, Chen Z-S. Food Safety and Bioavailability Evaluations of Four Vegetables Grown in the Highly Arsenic-Contaminated Soils on the Guandu Plain of Northern Taiwan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(4):4091-4107.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Su, Shaw-Wei; Tsui, Chun-Chih; Lai, Hung-Yu; Chen, Zueng-Sang. 2014. "Food Safety and Bioavailability Evaluations of Four Vegetables Grown in the Highly Arsenic-Contaminated Soils on the Guandu Plain of Northern Taiwan." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 4: 4091-4107.


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