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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(3), 3375-3386; doi:10.3390/ijerph110303375
Article

Utilization of Norway’s Emergency Wards: The Second 5 Years after the Introduction of the Patient List System

1,* , 2
 and 3
Received: 26 October 2013; in revised form: 5 March 2014 / Accepted: 10 March 2014 / Published: 21 March 2014
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Abstract: Utilization of services is an important indicator for estimating access to healthcare. In Norway, the General Practitioner Scheme, a patient list system, was established in 2001 to enable a stable doctor-patient relationship. Although satisfaction with the system is generally high, people often choose a more accessible but inferior solution for routine care: emergency wards. The aim of the article is to investigate contact patterns in primary health care situations for the total population in urban and remote areas of Norway and for major immigrant groups in Oslo. The primary regression model had a cross-sectional study design analyzing 2,609,107 consultations in representative municipalities across Norway, estimating the probability of choosing the emergency ward in substitution to a general practitioner. In a second regression model comprising 625,590 consultations in Oslo, we calculated this likelihood for immigrants from the 14 largest groups. We noted substantial differences in emergency ward utilization between ethnic Norwegians both in rural and remote areas and among the various immigrant groups residing in Oslo. Oslo utilization of emergency ward services for the whole population declined, and so did this use among all immigrant groups after 2009. Other municipalities, while overwhelmingly ethnically Norwegian, showed diverse patterns including an increase in some and a decrease in others, results which we were unable to explain.
Keywords: primary health care; utilization; immigrant; emergency ward; general practitioner; patient list system; Norway primary health care; utilization; immigrant; emergency ward; general practitioner; patient list system; Norway
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Goth, U.S.; Hammer, H.L.; Claussen, B. Utilization of Norway’s Emergency Wards: The Second 5 Years after the Introduction of the Patient List System. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 3375-3386.

AMA Style

Goth US, Hammer HL, Claussen B. Utilization of Norway’s Emergency Wards: The Second 5 Years after the Introduction of the Patient List System. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(3):3375-3386.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goth, Ursula S.; Hammer, Hugo L.; Claussen, Bjørgulf. 2014. "Utilization of Norway’s Emergency Wards: The Second 5 Years after the Introduction of the Patient List System." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 3: 3375-3386.


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