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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(2), 1834-1843; doi:10.3390/ijerph110201834
Article

Higher Household Income and the Availability of Electronic Devices and Transport at Home Are Associated with Higher Waist Circumference in Colombian Children: The ACFIES Study

1,2,†, 1,†, 1,2,†, 1, 1, 2, 3 and 1,2,*
Received: 15 November 2013; in revised form: 24 January 2014 / Accepted: 29 January 2014 / Published: 7 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Childhood Obesity: Novel Approaches to a Global Problem)
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Abstract: Background: The current “epidemic” of childhood obesity is described as being driven by modern lifestyles with associated socioeconomic and environmental changes that modify dietary habits, discourage physical activity and encourage sedentary behaviors. Objective: To evaluate the association between household income and the availability of electronic devices and transport at home, and the values of waist circumference (WC), as an indicator of abdominal obesity, in children and adolescents from Bucaramanga, Colombia. Methods: Cross-sectional study of public elementary and high school population, of low-middle socioeconomic status. Results: A total of 668 schoolchildren were recruited. After adjusting for potential confounders, significant positive associations between waist circumference and higher household income (p = 0.011), and waist circumference and the availability of electronic devices and transport at home (p = 0.026) were found. Conclusions: In low-middle socioeconomic status schoolchildren in a developing country, those from relatively more affluent families had greater waist circumference, an association that is opposite to that observed in developed countries. This finding could be related to higher income family’s ability to purchase electronic devices and motorized transport which discourage physical activity and for their children to buy desirable and more costly western fast food.
Keywords: childhood obesity; abdominal obesity; waist circumference; electronic devices; household income; socioeconomic status; Colombia childhood obesity; abdominal obesity; waist circumference; electronic devices; household income; socioeconomic status; Colombia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gómez-Arbeláez, D.; Camacho, P.A.; Cohen, D.D.; Rincón-Romero, K.; Alvarado-Jurado, L.; Pinzón, S.; Duperly, J.; López-Jaramillo, P. Higher Household Income and the Availability of Electronic Devices and Transport at Home Are Associated with Higher Waist Circumference in Colombian Children: The ACFIES Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 1834-1843.

AMA Style

Gómez-Arbeláez D, Camacho PA, Cohen DD, Rincón-Romero K, Alvarado-Jurado L, Pinzón S, Duperly J, López-Jaramillo P. Higher Household Income and the Availability of Electronic Devices and Transport at Home Are Associated with Higher Waist Circumference in Colombian Children: The ACFIES Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(2):1834-1843.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gómez-Arbeláez, Diego; Camacho, Paul A.; Cohen, Daniel D.; Rincón-Romero, Katherine; Alvarado-Jurado, Laura; Pinzón, Sandra; Duperly, John; López-Jaramillo, Patricio. 2014. "Higher Household Income and the Availability of Electronic Devices and Transport at Home Are Associated with Higher Waist Circumference in Colombian Children: The ACFIES Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 2: 1834-1843.


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