Health Risk Assessment of Inhalable Particulate Matter in Beijing Based on the Thermal Environment
AbstractInhalable particulate matter (PM10) is a primary air pollutant closely related to public health, and an especially serious problem in urban areas. The urban heat island (UHI) effect has made the urban PM10 pollution situation more complex and severe. In this study, we established a health risk assessment system utilizing an epidemiological method taking the thermal environment effects into consideration. We utilized a remote sensing method to retrieve the PM10 concentration, UHI, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI). With the correlation between difference vegetation index (DVI) and PM10 concentration, we utilized the established model between PM10 and thermal environmental indicators to evaluate the PM10 health risks based on the epidemiological study. Additionally, with the regulation of UHI, NDVI and NDWI, we aimed at regulating the PM10 health risks and thermal environment simultaneously. This study attempted to accomplish concurrent thermal environment regulation and elimination of PM10 health risks through control of UHI intensity. The results indicate that urban Beijing has a higher PM10 health risk than rural areas; PM10 health risk based on the thermal environment is 1.145, which is similar to the health risk calculated (1.144) from the PM10 concentration inversion; according to the regulation results, regulation of UHI and NDVI is effective and helpful for mitigation of PM10 health risk in functional zones. View Full-Text
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Xu, L.-Y.; Yin, H.; Xie, X.-D. Health Risk Assessment of Inhalable Particulate Matter in Beijing Based on the Thermal Environment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12368-12388.
Xu L-Y, Yin H, Xie X-D. Health Risk Assessment of Inhalable Particulate Matter in Beijing Based on the Thermal Environment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(12):12368-12388.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xu, Lin-Yu; Yin, Hao; Xie, Xiao-Dong. 2014. "Health Risk Assessment of Inhalable Particulate Matter in Beijing Based on the Thermal Environment." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 12: 12368-12388.