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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(12), 12118-12128; doi:10.3390/ijerph111212118

Dental Caries Experience and Use of Dental Services among Brazilian Prisoners

1
Post Graduate Program in Public Health, State University of Paraiba, Campina Grande, PB 58429-500, Brazil
2
Department of Dentistry, State University of Paraiba, Campina Grande, PB 58429-500, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 July 2014 / Revised: 11 November 2014 / Accepted: 11 November 2014 / Published: 25 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Environmental Determinants of Oral Health)
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Abstract

This ross-sectional study involving 127 male prisoners evaluates the use of dental services and dental caries among Brazilian inmates. Data were collected by interview and clinical examination. Sociodemographic and sentencing information as well as use of dental services, self-reported dental morbidity, self-perception, and oral health impacts were investigated. The mean DMFT index value was 19.72. Of the components, the decayed component showed the highest mean value (11.06 ± 5.37). Statistically significant association was found between DMFTs with values from 22 to 32 and oral health satisfaction (p = 0.002), difficulty speaking (p = 0.024), shame of talking (p = 0.004) and smiling (p < 0.001). Regarding the use of dental services, 80% had their last dental appointment less than one year ago, with most visits occurring in prison (80%), with restorative treatment (32%), followed by dental pain (26.4%), being the main reasons for such appointments. Most prisoners used dental services provided by the prison. Although restorative treatment has been the main reason for the use of dental services, “decayed” and “missing” components contributed to the high mean DMFT index. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental caries; tooth loss; prisons; prisoners dental caries; tooth loss; prisons; prisoners
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cavalcanti, A.L.; Rodrigues, I.S.A.; de Melo Silveira, I.T.; de Oliveira, T.B.S.; de Almeida Pinto, M.S.; Xavier, A.F.C.; de Castro, R.D.; Padilha, W.W.N. Dental Caries Experience and Use of Dental Services among Brazilian Prisoners. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12118-12128.

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