Next Article in Journal
Tuberculosis among Healthcare Workers in Southeastern China: A Retrospective Study of 7-Year Surveillance Data
Previous Article in Journal
Smoke-Free Homes and Home Exposure to Secondhand Smoke in Shanghai, China
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(11), 12029-12041; doi:10.3390/ijerph111112029

Surveying Mercury Levels in Hair, Blood and Urine of under 7-Year Old Children from a Coastal City in China

Xiamen Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Xiamen 361000, China
School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University Shanghai 200092, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 September 2014 / Revised: 5 November 2014 / Accepted: 6 November 2014 / Published: 20 November 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [863 KB, uploaded 20 November 2014]   |  


Aim: The average mercury load in children under 7-years old was determined in a populated but not overly industrial coastal area in China. Methods: 395 blood samples, 1072 urine samples, and 581 hair samples were collected from 1076 children, aged 0 to 6 years, from eight representative communities of Xiamen, China. Mercury levels in the samples were surveyed. Results: The 95% upper limits of mercury in blood, urine, and hair for the children were 2.30, 1.50 and 2100.00 μg/kg, respectively. Levels tended to increase with age. Correlation analyses showed that mercury levels in blood and urine correlated with those in hair (n = 132), r = 0.49, p < 0.0001 and r = 0.20, p = 0.0008; however, blood mercury levels did not correlate with urine levels (n = 284), r = 0.07, p = 0.35. Conclusions: Surveying the average mercury load in children 0 to 6 years, and the 95% upper limit value of mercury in their blood, urine, and hair should help guide risk assessment and health management for children. View Full-Text
Keywords: mercury; children; blood; urine; hair mercury; children; blood; urine; hair

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, G.; Chen, X.; Yan, C.; Wu, X.; Zeng, G. Surveying Mercury Levels in Hair, Blood and Urine of under 7-Year Old Children from a Coastal City in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12029-12041.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top