New Roles for Pharmacists in Community Mental Health Care: A Narrative Review
AbstractMedicines are a major treatment modality for many mental illnesses, and with the growing burden of mental disorders worldwide pharmacists are ideally positioned to play a greater role in supporting people with a mental illness. This narrative review aims to describe the evidence for pharmacist-delivered services in mental health care and address the barriers and facilitators to increasing the uptake of pharmacist services as part of the broader mental health care team. This narrative review is divided into three main sections: (1) the role of the pharmacist in mental health care in multidisciplinary teams and in supporting early detection of mental illness; (2) the pharmacists’ role in supporting quality use of medicines in medication review, strategies to improve medication adherence and antipsychotic polypharmacy, and shared decision making; and (3) barriers and facilitators to the implementation of mental health pharmacy services with a focus on organizational culture and mental health stigma. In the first section, the review presents new roles for pharmacists within multidisciplinary teams, such as in case conferencing or collaborative drug therapy management; and new roles that would benefit from increased pharmacist involvement, such as the early detection of mental health conditions, development of care plans and follow up of people with mental health problems. The second section describes the impact of medication review services and other pharmacist-led interventions designed to reduce inappropriate use of psychotropic medicines and improve medication adherence. Other new potential roles discussed include the management of antipsychotic polypharmacy and involvement in patient-centered care. Finally, barriers related to pharmacists’ attitudes, stigma and skills in the care of patients with mental health problems and barriers affecting pharmacist-physician collaboration are described, along with strategies to reduce mental health stigma. View Full-Text
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Rubio-Valera, M.; Chen, T.F.; O'Reilly, C.L. New Roles for Pharmacists in Community Mental Health Care: A Narrative Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 10967-10990.
Rubio-Valera M, Chen TF, O'Reilly CL. New Roles for Pharmacists in Community Mental Health Care: A Narrative Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(10):10967-10990.Chicago/Turabian Style
Rubio-Valera, Maria; Chen, Timothy F.; O'Reilly, Claire L. 2014. "New Roles for Pharmacists in Community Mental Health Care: A Narrative Review." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 10: 10967-10990.