Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(1), 792-803; doi:10.3390/ijerph110100792
Review

Can Tobacco Control Be Transformative? Reducing Gender Inequity and Tobacco Use among Vulnerable Populations

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Received: 1 November 2013; in revised form: 17 December 2013 / Accepted: 31 December 2013 / Published: 7 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control in Vulnerable Population Groups)
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Abstract: Tobacco use and exposure is unequally distributed across populations and countries and among women and men. These trends and patterns reflect and cause gender and economic inequities along with negative health impacts. Despite a commitment to gender analysis in the preamble to Framework Convention on Tobacco Control there is much yet to be done to fully understand how gender operates in tobacco control. Policies, program and research in tobacco control need to not only integrate gender, but rather operationalize gender with the goal of transforming gender and social inequities in the course of tobacco control initiatives. Gender transformative tobacco control goes beyond gender sensitive efforts and challenges policy and program developers to apply gender theory in designing their initiatives, with the goal of changing negative gender and social norms and improving social, economic, health and social indicators along with tobacco reduction. This paper outlines what is needed to progress tobacco control in enhancing the status of gendered and vulnerable groups, with a view to reducing gender and social inequities due to tobacco use and exposure.
Keywords: gender; gender-transformative; tobacco use; tobacco exposure; women; men
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Greaves, L. Can Tobacco Control Be Transformative? Reducing Gender Inequity and Tobacco Use among Vulnerable Populations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 792-803.

AMA Style

Greaves L. Can Tobacco Control Be Transformative? Reducing Gender Inequity and Tobacco Use among Vulnerable Populations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(1):792-803.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Greaves, Lorraine. 2014. "Can Tobacco Control Be Transformative? Reducing Gender Inequity and Tobacco Use among Vulnerable Populations." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 1: 792-803.


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