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Asthma Associations in Children Attending a Museum of Science
Community Health Program, Tufts University School of Arts and Sciences, Medford, MA 02155, USA
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2013; in revised form: 23 August 2013 / Accepted: 27 August 2013 / Published: 4 September 2013
Abstract: We explored the relative strength of environmental and social factors associated with pediatric asthma in middle class families and considered the efficacy of recruitment for an educational study at a science museum. Eligibility criteria were having a child aged 4–12 and English fluency. Our questionnaire included information on demographics, home environment, medical history, and environmental toxicant exposures. Statistically significant associations were found for: child’s age (t = −2.46; p = 0.014), allergies (OR = 11.5; 95%CI = 5.9–22.5), maternal asthma (OR = 2.2; 95%CI = 1.2–3.9), parents’ education level (OR = 0.5; 95%CI = 0.3–0.9), family income (OR = 2.4; 95%CI = 1.1–5.5), water damage at home (OR = 2.5; 95%CI = 1.1–5.5), stuffed animals in bedroom (OR = 0.4; 95%CI = 0.2–0.7), hospitalization within a week after birth (OR = 3.2; 95%CI = 1.4–7.0), diagnosis of pneumonia (OR = 2.8; 95%CI = 1.4–5.9), and multiple colds in a year (OR = 2.9; 95%CI = 1.5–5.7). Several other associations approached statistical significance, including African American race (OR = 3.3; 95%CI = 1.0–10.7), vitamin D supplement directive (OR = 0.2; 95%CI = 0.02–1.2), mice in the home (OR = 0.5, 95%CI = 0.2–1.1), and cockroaches in the home (OR = 4.3; CI = 0.8–21.6). In logistic regression, age, parents’ education, allergies, mold allergies, hospitalization after birth, stuffed animals in the bedroom, vitamin D supplement directive, and water damage in the home were all significant independent predictors of asthma. The urban science museum was a low-resource approach to address the relative importance of risk factors in this population.
Keywords: pediatric; asthma; risk factors; respiratory; family history; allergies; medical history; environment; urban
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Corlin, L.; Woodin, M.; Newhide, D.; Brown, E.; Diaz, S.V.; Chi, A.; Brugge, D. Asthma Associations in Children Attending a Museum of Science. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 4117-4131.
Corlin L, Woodin M, Newhide D, Brown E, Diaz SV, Chi A, Brugge D. Asthma Associations in Children Attending a Museum of Science. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(9):4117-4131.
Corlin, Laura; Woodin, Mark; Newhide, Danny; Brown, Erika; Diaz, Sarah V.; Chi, Amy; Brugge, Doug. 2013. "Asthma Associations in Children Attending a Museum of Science." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 9: 4117-4131.