Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(8), 3753-3770; doi:10.3390/ijerph10083753
Article

The Contribution of Childhood Parental Rejection and Early Androgen Exposure to Impairments in Socio-Cognitive Skills in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators with High Alcohol Consumption

1email, 2email, 2email, 3email and 1,* email
Received: 5 July 2013; in revised form: 5 August 2013 / Accepted: 9 August 2013 / Published: 20 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trauma, Addiction and Criminality)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Alcohol consumption, a larger history of childhood parental rejection, and high prenatal androgen exposure have been linked with facilitation and high risk of recidivism in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators. Participants were distributed into two groups according to their alcohol consumption scores as high (HA) and low (LA). HA presented a higher history of childhood parental rejection, prenatal masculinization (smaller 2D:4D ratio), and violence-related scores than LA IPV perpetrators. Nonetheless, the former showed poor socio-cognitive skills performance (cognitive flexibility, emotional recognition and cognitive empathy). Particularly in HA IPV perpetrators, the history of childhood parental rejection was associated with high hostile sexism and low cognitive empathy. Moreover, a masculinized 2D:4D ratio was associated with high anger expression and low cognitive empathy. Parental rejection during childhood and early androgen exposure are relevant factors for the development of violence and the lack of adequate empathy in adulthood. Furthermore, alcohol abuse plays a key role in the development of socio-cognitive impairments and in the proneness to violence and its recidivism. These findings contribute to new coadjutant violence intervention programs, focused on the rehabilitation of basic executive functions and emotional decoding processes and on the treatment of alcohol dependence.
Keywords: alcohol; childhood abuse; intimate partner violence; socio-cognitive skills; 2D:4D ratio
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [293 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 19 June 2014 03:18 CEST]
The original version is still available [300 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014 03:18 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Romero-Martínez, Á.; Lila, M.; Catalá-Miñana, A.; Williams, R.K.; Moya-Albiol, L. The Contribution of Childhood Parental Rejection and Early Androgen Exposure to Impairments in Socio-Cognitive Skills in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators with High Alcohol Consumption. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 3753-3770.

AMA Style

Romero-Martínez Á, Lila M, Catalá-Miñana A, Williams RK, Moya-Albiol L. The Contribution of Childhood Parental Rejection and Early Androgen Exposure to Impairments in Socio-Cognitive Skills in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators with High Alcohol Consumption. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(8):3753-3770.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Romero-Martínez, Ángel; Lila, Marisol; Catalá-Miñana, Alba; Williams, Ryan K.; Moya-Albiol, Luis. 2013. "The Contribution of Childhood Parental Rejection and Early Androgen Exposure to Impairments in Socio-Cognitive Skills in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators with High Alcohol Consumption." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 8: 3753-3770.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert