Next Article in Journal
The Contribution of Childhood Parental Rejection and Early Androgen Exposure to Impairments in Socio-Cognitive Skills in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators with High Alcohol Consumption
Next Article in Special Issue
A Review of Vaccine Approaches for West Nile Virus
Previous Article in Journal
Infertility and Its Treatments in Association with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review and Results from the CHARGE Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Environmental Drivers of West Nile Fever Epidemiology in Europe and Western Asia—A Review
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(8), 3735-3752; doi:10.3390/ijerph10083735
Review

The Role of Australian Mosquito Species in the Transmission of Endemic and Exotic West Nile Virus Strains

1,* , 2
 and 3
Received: 17 July 2013; in revised form: 7 August 2013 / Accepted: 7 August 2013 / Published: 19 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epidemiology of West Nile Virus)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [260 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: Recent epidemic activity and its introduction into the Western Hemisphere have drawn attention to West Nile virus (WNV) as an international public health problem. Of particular concern has been the ability for the virus to cause outbreaks of disease in highly populated urban centers. Incrimination of Australian mosquito species is an essential component in determining the receptivity of Australia to the introduction and/or establishment of an exotic strain of WNV and can guide potential management strategies. Based on vector competence experiments and ecological studies, we suggest candidate Australian mosquito species that would most likely be involved in urban transmission of WNV, along with consideration of the endemic WNV subtype, Kunjin. We then examine the interaction of entomological factors with virological and vertebrate host factors, as well as likely mode of introduction, which may influence the potential for exotic WNV to become established and be maintained in urban transmission cycles in Australia.
Keywords: West Nile virus; vector; mosquito(es); Australia; Kunjin West Nile virus; vector; mosquito(es); Australia; Kunjin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Jansen, C.C.; Ritchie, S.A.; van den Hurk, A.F. The Role of Australian Mosquito Species in the Transmission of Endemic and Exotic West Nile Virus Strains. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 3735-3752.

AMA Style

Jansen CC, Ritchie SA, van den Hurk AF. The Role of Australian Mosquito Species in the Transmission of Endemic and Exotic West Nile Virus Strains. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(8):3735-3752.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jansen, Cassie C.; Ritchie, Scott A.; van den Hurk, Andrew F. 2013. "The Role of Australian Mosquito Species in the Transmission of Endemic and Exotic West Nile Virus Strains." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 8: 3735-3752.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert