Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(7), 2760-2777; doi:10.3390/ijerph10072760
Article

An Epidemiological Prospective Study of Children’s Health and Annoyance Reactions to Aircraft Noise Exposure in South Africa

Department of Psychology, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag X3, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa
Received: 28 March 2013; in revised form: 20 June 2013 / Accepted: 24 June 2013 / Published: 3 July 2013
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Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate health and annoyance reactions to change in chronic exposure to aircraft noise on a sample of South African children. It was the intention of this study to examine if effects of noise on health and annoyance can be demonstrated. If so, whether such effects persist over time, or whether such effects are reversible after the cessation of exposure to noise. A cohort of 732 children with a mean age of 11.1 (range = 8–14) participated at baseline measurements in Wave 1 (2009), and 649 (mean age = 12.3; range = 9–15) and 174 (mean age = 13.3; range = 10–16) children were reassessed in Wave 2 (2010) and Wave 3 (2011) after the relocation of the airport, respectively. The findings revealed that the children who were exposed to chronic aircraft noise continued to experience significantly higher annoyance than their counterparts in all the waves at school, and only in Wave 1 and Wave 2 at home. Aircraft noise exposure did not have adverse effects on the children’s self-reported health outcomes. Taken together, these findings suggest that chronic exposure to aircraft noise may have a lasting impact on children’s annoyance, but not on their subjective health rating. This is one of the first longitudinal studies of this nature in the African continent to make use of an opportunity resulting from the relocation of airport.
Keywords: aircraft noise; annoyance; health; epidemiology; children; South Africa

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MDPI and ACS Style

Seabi, J. An Epidemiological Prospective Study of Children’s Health and Annoyance Reactions to Aircraft Noise Exposure in South Africa. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2760-2777.

AMA Style

Seabi J. An Epidemiological Prospective Study of Children’s Health and Annoyance Reactions to Aircraft Noise Exposure in South Africa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(7):2760-2777.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Seabi, Joseph. 2013. "An Epidemiological Prospective Study of Children’s Health and Annoyance Reactions to Aircraft Noise Exposure in South Africa." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 7: 2760-2777.

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