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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(5), 1665-1680; doi:10.3390/ijerph10051665

The NASOROSSO (Rednose) Project: An Italian Study on Alcohol Consumption in Recreational Places

1 Drug Abuse and Doping Unit, Department of Therapeutic Research and Medicines Evaluation Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Roma 00161, Italy 2 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Tor Vergata University, Roma 00133, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 March 2013 / Revised: 12 April 2013 / Accepted: 19 April 2013 / Published: 24 April 2013
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The Nasorosso project of the Italian Youth Department and the National Institute of Health, aimed to raise awareness about drinking and driving under the influence of alcohol among club goers with a series of initiatives. Within the framework of the project, blood alcohol concentration (BAC) was measured on 106,406 individuals before and after clubbing in 66 different recreational sites from 11 Italian provinces, over 16 months. Participating individuals were interviewed regarding sociodemographic and environmental characteristics and alcohol intoxicated people were offered to be taken home. The BAC median at the club entry was 0.26 g/L with 65.3% subjects showing a BAC value under the driving legal limit of 0.5g/L. At the exit from clubs, BAC median value rose to 0.44 g/L and subjects with BAC value under the legal limit decreased to 54.9%. Being male, aged between 18 and 34 years with a diploma, being a drinker and entering the disco with a BAC already beyond the legal limit predicted a BAC value beyond 0.5 g/L at exit from the recreational place. Conversely, being a driver, being a student and exiting from the disco before 4 a.m. reduced the probability of having a BAC higher than 0.5 g/L at the end of the night.  Health policies to prevent harmful use of alcohol in young people should continue to offer targeted information/ prevention; in order to steadily increase the awareness of the dangers and the damages of excessive use of alcohol.
Keywords: Breath Alcohol Consumption (BAC); youngsters; drivers; nightclubs; Italy Breath Alcohol Consumption (BAC); youngsters; drivers; nightclubs; Italy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Pacifici, R.; Pierantozzi, A.; Giovannandrea, R.D.; Palmi, I.; Mastrobattista, L.; Mortali, C.; Pichini, S. The NASOROSSO (Rednose) Project: An Italian Study on Alcohol Consumption in Recreational Places. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 1665-1680.

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